There are many survival scenarios that may lead to you having to deal with somebody who is in shock or in danger of going into shock due to injury.
The best bet is to always anticipate shock in all injured persons.
Treat all injured persons as follows, regardless of what symptoms appear:
· If the victim is conscious, place him on a level surface with the lower extremities elevated 15 to 20 centimeters.
· If the victim is unconscious, place him on his side or abdomen with his head turned to one side to prevent choking on vomit, blood, or other fluids.
· If you are unsure of the best position, place the victim perfectly flat. Once the victim is in a shock position, do not move him.
· Maintain body heat by insulating the victim from the surroundings and, in some instances, applying external heat.
· If wet, remove all the victim’s wet clothing as soon as possible and replace with dry clothing.
· Improvise a shelter to insulate the victim from the weather.
· Use warm liquids or foods, a prewarmed sleeping bag, another person, warmed water in canteens, hot rocks wrapped in clothing, or fires on either side of the victim to provide external warmth.
· If the victim is conscious, slowly administer small doses of a warm salt or sugar solution, if available.
· If the victim is unconscious or has abdominal wounds, do not give fluids by mouth.
· Have the victim rest for at least 24 hours.
· If you are a lone survivor, lie in a depression in the ground, behind a tree, or any other place out of the weather, with your head lower than your feet.
· If you are with a buddy, reassess your patient constantly.
Alot of the scenarios that would require you to Bug Out involve airborne particulates such as dust, smoke, etc.
Without some way to protect your respiratory system, you aren’t likely to get very far and even if you do make it out, you’ll be recovering for days from after effects of all that dust and other crap on your lungs.
And in a SHTF enviroment a hacking cough is not conducive to trying to be quiet and remain hidden!
Just buying a simple dust mask for each member of your family can help you avoid all that drama!
The major benefits of dust masks are:
. They weight nothing
. They nest in each other
. They are very cheap and the M95 standard will handle most dust and other normal airborne particulates.
The simple fact is, chucking some dust masks in your Bug Out Bag is cheap insurance for when TSHTF.
Just when you thought it was safe to hang out in Iceland another volcano decides to throw a tantrum.
That’s right guys and girls, scientists are monitoring Iceland’s Katla volcano amid signs that a small eruption may be taking place.
The signs?? A truckload of meltwater came flying down the mountainside and took out a road and a bridge and a swarm of earthquake centered at the volcano occurred just the other day.
Yippee kay yay!!
This volcano isn’t just any old volcano, oh no, its 10 times bigger than that mean SOB that was disrupting air travel earlier this year and last year.
When this one last blew it’s top in 1918 it sent a wall of meltwater (containing ice chunks the size of houses) down the glacier and blanketed southern Iceland in thick ash.
Will be interesting to see what happens though.
I mean who doesn’t love a good old volcanic eruption!
One last note, this thing erupts every 40 to 80 years and currently it has gone 92 years without an eruption.
Good sign eh???
The recent volcanic activity in Iceland and Chile has shown us that all it takes is a couple of good volcanic eruptions to completely screw up a large amount of air travel.
In 2010 it was absolute chaos when planes across Europe were grounded for weeks and travel was severely disrupted all thanks that Icelandic volcanic whose name nobody can pronounce.
After a few weeks the ash cleared enough for flights to resume but if the eruption had continued then the disruptions could have lasted for months!!
In the Southern Hemisphere right now, flights have been grounded in New Zealand, Australia and parts of South America due to ash from the Chilean volcano, Puyehue-Cordon Caulle.
So when you stop and think about it, all it would take is for two or more large volcanos in the Northern and Southern hemispheres to erupt at around the same time for WORLD-WIDE air travel to grind to a screeching halt!
Pretty scary when you think about!
But wait, there’s another risk lurking on the horizon.
Another threat of large volcanic eruptions is a volcanic winter.
I know what you’re thinking, “What the hell is a volcano winter???”
Well when volcano spew out truckloads of ash it rises up into the stratosphere and sits up there for a long time.
If there is enough ash then it has the potential to obscure the sun’s rays and raise the Earth’s albedo (increasing the Earth’s reflectivity of solar radiation).
This results in a lowering of temperature right across the planet which can have massive effects on agriculture, horticulture and life in general.
The scariest part of this whole thing is that is isn’t just a theory, it’s actually happened on several occasions throughout history!
Here’s a few examples (thank you Wikipedia)
. The extreme weather events of 535–536 are most likely linked to a volcanic eruption.
. The Great Famine of 1315–1317 in Europe may have been precipitated by a volcanic event, perhaps that of Kaharoa, New Zealand, which lasted about five years.
. In 1452 or 1453, a cataclysmic eruption of the submarine volcano Kuwae caused worldwide disruptions.
. In 1600, the Huaynaputina in Peru erupted.
Tree ring studies show that 1601 was cold. Russia had its worst famine in 1601 to 1603. From 1600 to 1602, Switzerland, Latvia and Estonia had exceptionally cold winters. The wine harvest was late in 1601 in France, and in Peru and Germany wine production collapsed. Peach trees bloomed late in China, and Lake Suwa in Japan froze early.
. A paper written by Benjamin Franklin in 1783 blamed the unusually cool summer of 1783 on volcanic dust coming from Iceland, where the eruption of Laki volcano had released enormous amounts of sulfur dioxide, resulting in the death of much of the island’s livestock and a catastrophic famine which killed a quarter of the population. Temperatures in the northern hemisphere dropped by about 1 °C in the year following the Laki eruption.
. The 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora, a stratovolcano in Indonesia, occasioned mid-summer frosts in New York State and June snowfalls in New England and Newfoundland and Labrador in what came to be known as the “Year Without a Summer” of 1816.
. In 1883, the explosion of Krakatoa (Krakatau) also created volcanic winter-like conditions. The next four years after the explosion were unusually cold, and the winter of 1887 to 1888 included powerful blizzards. Record snowfalls were recorded worldwide.
.The 1991 explosion of Mount Pinatubo, another stratovolcano in the Philippines, cooled global temperatures for about 2–3 years.
As you can see the ramifications of a large amount of volcanic ash are rather severe!
If a volcanic winter were to happen today it would have a massive effects of the world’s food production and could easily spark food shortages and famine which could lead to social unrest, war, etc
It’s a very scary but very real threat!